The international aid system and the non-governmental organisations: a new research agenda
Tvedt, T. (2006), The international aid system and the non-governmental organisations: a new research agenda. Journal of International Development, 18: 677–690.
NGO researchers have rarely understood the reasons for the growth of NGOs across the world. This paper sets out the parameters for an improved framework for NGO research. Beginning with a short description of the history of the international aid system, the paper then argues that a set of concepts are needed that can establish a greater analytical distance for NGO research from a policy area that has for decades enjoyed an unusually high degree of moral and political legitimacy. In conclusion, the article argues that the institutional architecture and world views developed within this policy field will need to be integrated analytically in narratives of the general historical development of societies in the era of globalisation.
International Development Aid and Its Impact on a Donor Country: A Case Study of Norway
The European Journal of Development Research (2007) 19, 614–635;
This article argues that it is important to reconstruct and analyse how the international aid system that was established after the Second World War has impacted on the national histories of donor countries. The focus is on what has happened in Norway, using it as an example of how the relationship between national traditions and the international aid system can be studied.
The article emphasises the need to develop concepts that can establish analytical distance to the normative and conceptual influence of the powerful rhetoric of the aid system. Based on very extensive empirical research of the Norwegian aid system over many years, the author presents a historical summary of his findings and a set of concepts developed in order to better grasp what has been happening; concepts like ‘the southern political system’, a national ‘do-gooder’s regime’, a ‘strategic communication regime’, ‘inside aiding’, and ‘elite circulation’.
Understanding the history of the international aid system and the development research tradition: The case of the disappearing religious NGOs.
Forum for Development Studies, Vol 2, 341-366, 2006.
This article asks why religious NGOs have been almost completely neglected in decades of research on development and NGOs, in spite of the historical fact that they have been central actors in the international aid system since its very beginning. In order to answer this question, fundamental issues are raised regarding how to approach and understand the history of the international aid system and development research in general. Revisiting this research tradition, examining its perspectives and normative concepts, and NGO activism, might help us better analyse the aid system itself, the roles of NGOs in general and religious NGOs in particular, and the impact of the international aid system on relationships between states and civil society.
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1994: The Collapse of the State in Southern Sudan after the Addis Ababa Agreement. A Study of Internal Causes and the Role of the NGOs ( 69-105). In A short-cut to decay: the case of the Sudan Harir and Tvedt (eds.) Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, (transl. into Arabic 1996).
Available online at Google Scholar
1992: Non-implemented Plans as a Barrier to Development: the Case of the Jonglei Project in the Southern Sudan, (59-79)
In Darkoh, M.B.K. (ed.), African River Basins and Dryland Crises, Uppsala.